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"How I Train," for Zane
For those not familiar with bodybuilding history, Frank Zane is the only Mr. Olympia--he won three times: 1977, 1978 & 1979--to have a Master's Degree. He has an under-graduate degree in psychology and a Master's in experimental psychology. He also taught mathematics and chemistry in Florida and California. (That why they call him The Chemist.) Finally, he was perhaps the most symmetrically bodybuilder of all time, with every part of his body fully and proportionally developed. Frank stands alone in many ways.
Carol called to renew our subscription to his quarterly magazine "Building the Body" and was lucky enough to get Frank on the phone. In the course of conversation, Frank asked if Clarence would write a short piece about his current training and diet for their summer issue. He also asked for photos, saying "if they're good enough" he might use one on the inside cover. The winter issue of Building the Body featured Dave Draper on the front and back cover.
Pressed for time, Clarence updated an earlier Q & A that covered his diet and training philosophy, but Frank said he couldn't use that format. He asked Clarence to rewrite it, which he did. We sent Frank 800 words on how Clarence trains and eats, along with photos at 45, 60, 70, and 77.
We included this photo, taken by John Balik, because Frank has an eye for symmetry.
We look forward to the summer issue of Building the Body to see what, if anything, Frank does with our article and photos.
Frank had rotator cuff surgery about six months ago and is now getting back into serious training. Visit www.frankzane.com to learn more about that and Building the Body.
Tufts Scientist to Study Clarence's Blood Chemistry Over 37 Years
Clarence has been presented with another wonderful opportunity. Logical but completely unexpected.
Michael Lustgarten, PhD, a 41-year-old post-doctoral scholar at Tufts University in Boston, studies the associations between blood biomarkers, body composition, and physical function in both young and older adults. He is also interested in optimizing his own body composition and fitness. Those interests have led him to follow Clarence through his books and website for 15+ years.
He recently published six impressive papers on his area of interest: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=lustgarten+ms
Understandably, he queried Clarence: "What are the chances that you have blood tests results for yourself over many years that I can compare with your year to year fitness level?"
Clarence responded that he did and Michael presented an intriguing hypothesis for exploration:
Your data is unique. While I have published data in young, healthy subjects and, in older adults (who were limited in terms of physical function) you represent a model of ideal aging, as your body composition and function have basically stayed the same for 30+years. My hypothesis is that your blood chemistry markers would be essentially unchanged during this time, in association with your maintained body composition and functionů.
One thing led to another and we have compiled a booklet with 13 sets of body composition, fitness, and blood biomarkers for analysis by Dr. Lustgarten. Spanning 37 years, the data comes from Lovelace Medical Center in Albuquerque and the Cooper Clinic in Dallas, combined with Clarence's photos and personal body composition records.
We are eager to learn what Michael finds and hope that it will be worthy of publication as a case study.
This will, of course, take time. We'll keep you apprised of developments.
This is exciting! A scientist, Dr. Lustgarten will call it as he sees it, but we expect overall encouraging results for those interested in staying lean, fit, and healthy for a very long time.
Power-Quest Features Clarence in 2014 Christmas-Special
Europe's biggest and most ambitious fitness podcast, founded and produced by competition climber and author Jurgen Reis and strength expert and sports reporter Dominik Feischl, choose Clarence for their Christmas-special interview. Launched in November 2007, Power-Quest.cc has averaged a new episode every five days; Clarence is interview number 487. Reis and Feischl spent 32 minutes introducing him in German. We could only understand a word here and there, but the excitement was palpable. They really revved up their audience, which averages 50,000 every episode. The focus was on new developments in Clarence's research and training: Cutting back to two high-intensity workouts a week, switching from skimmed to organic whole milk, record high HDL "good" cholesterol, and turning 77. It made for 60 minutes of cutting-edge discussion. The eighth time around, Jurgen told Clarence, "This was THE BEST interview you ever gave."
Log on free and judge for yourself: http://download.power-quest.cc/PQ-podcast487.mp3 (The English part starts at minute 32.)
For a spectacular Facebook montage of Jurgen on the climbing wall: https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.881105805273339.1073741830.191105767606683&type=3&uploaded=24
Take Charge Conference Reported in Super Issue of Iron Game History
In introducing the August 2014 double issue of IGH, Co-Editor Dr. Terry Todd included the Take Charge Conference in the many activities facilitated by the Stark Center in the past year. We are honored to be included in the 84-page issue, which may be the best ever produced by the academic world's premier journal of physical culture.
Among the many activities of the Stark Center is the teaching of students, which now includes overseeing the granting of a doctoral degree. Co-Editor Dr. Jan Todd spearheaded the acceptance of the degree program by the UT Department of Kinesiology and Health Education. Over the past year, three of their graduate students completed their dissertations and earned a PhD in Physical Culture and Sport. A proud achievement indeed for both the Stark Center and the students. Birth of the professional strength coach, understanding the mythic nature of Muscle Beach, and changing approaches to obesity and fitness of Americans were unlikely dissertation topics--until now.
The Stark Center also took a "full team" to the North American Society for Sports History, where both graduate students and faculty members presented papers on subjects ranging from weightlifter/world champion wrestler George Hackenschmidt and British physical culture to ACL injuries to women athletes and international Olympic policy. What's more, IGH Associate Editor Kim Beckwith was named "Collegiate Coach of the Year" by the USAPL after coaching the UT Men's Powerlifting Team to victory at the USAPL Collegiate National Championships. There's more, but you get the idea. The Stark Center has been very busy and very productive.
Iron Game History is also published under the auspices of The Stark Center--and the new issue is a masterpiece. A main theme is the subject of Performance Enhancing Drugs (PEDs). And there's more, including a 21-page piece on Steve Reeves and the promotion of Hercules; part two of a three-part analytical narrative by Professor John Fair on the USA versus the world in Olympic weightlifting from 1970-1992 (the major role of our friend Carl Miller as national coaching coordinator is covered in depth, along with Clarence's role as a member of the national weightlifting committee); and finally an article about Dr. Thomas Delorme and the medical acceptance of progressive resistance exercise. The mythical hero Milo of Croton, who became the strongest man in the world by lifting and carrying a calf every day until it grew into a full-grown bull, demonstrated the principle--and Delorme proved how it could be used in physical therapy.
Performance Enhancing Drugs (PEDs) is not a new topic, but the articles are both current and historic. The triggering event and the main article is about Mike Jenkins, winner of the 2012 Arnold Strongman Classic, who suffered a heart attack and died at 31. Companion articles are about doped athletes as role models, the rise of natural bodybuilding competition, and "A Snatch For The Ages" about the 334-pound world record snatch by a Russian female lifter weighing 212 pounds. For perspective, consider that 340-pound Paul Anderson was considered a "wonder of nature" when he snatched 336 in 1956 and that only two American heavyweight men have snatched 400 or more: Bruce Wilhelm 400 and Mario Martinez 415.
Finally, here's what Dr. Terry Todd had to say about our conference:
Other manifestations of our activities this past year include two conferences hosted by the Stark Center. The first was the brainchild of Dan Keating, Professor and Dean at the Washington University School of Law in St. Louis, and was designed to honor Clarence Bass, the lifelong lifter who, at 76, by exercising, studying, and eating very carefully since his early teens, has developed and essentially maintained a level of overall fitness well beyond most active athletes in their thirties. Held at the Stark Center, the conference celebrated Bass' most recent book, entitled Take Charge: Fitness at the Edge of Science, and featured presentations by a number of fitness experts and admirers of Bass. Among those who spoke was U.T. Exercise Physiologist Ed Coyle, who also chaired a panel on "The Aerobics/Strength Alliance." The second panel was led by Dr. Joe Signorile, a professor of exercise science at the University of Miami and was called, "The Rise of Intervals." There was also a third panel, led by [Dr. Richard Winett, a professor of psychology at Virginia Tech] on the subject, "Forget Heavy, Think Effort." The conference ended with a fine dinner at the Center and featured keynote speaker, Dr. Waneen Spirduso, retired Professor of Kinesiology and Health Education and an international expert on physical activity and aging.
To subscribe to IGH and get your copy of the August 2014 double issue go to www.starkcenter.org and select Iron Game History.
Peak Testosterone Interviews Clarence
Lee Myer interviewed Clarence for his popular men's website, PeakTestosterone.com. You'll find the interview under "Most Recent Pages" on the homepage or you can hit "B" on the subject index.
Here's how Lee introduced the interview on his
It was a thrill for me to get to interview Clarence Bass. The guy wrote some pivotal bodybuilding articles and is known for building muscle steadily while maintaining a low body mass... Now what is really remarkable is that he has done all of that with testosterone levels right around 500, something he discusses in the interview below. He has a lot of interesting comments. I always say that I'm chasing Dr. Life, but now I realize that I'm really chasing Clarence Bass! Seriously, the guy is a great example of maintaining health, fitness and vitality as the decades roll on and he has some great tips, especially for you guys weight lifting 45+ years old or more: [Dr. Jeff Life is the doctor with the 74-year-old head and the ripped body of a 30-year-old plastered all over the ads for the Cenegenics Medical Institute, a Las Vegas-based clinic that specializes in "age management." Jeff is a good friend. He visited with us in Albuquerque before joining Cenegenics and transforming himself with a combination of lifestyle change and hormone replacement therapy.]
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